ISRAELITES IN THE NEW WORLD

The Birth of the Messiah | The House of David

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The Lost Tribes of Israel 

 

According to the Bible, the Assyrian conquest of over 2700 years ago caused 10 of the original 12 tribes of ancient Israel to have been exiled and in the eyes of history, to have become "lost". The places to where they ultimately journeyed are open questions and represent the theme of this web site. Significant evidence will be presented on this page to show that centuries before Columbus, a portion of the tribes migrated to and populated regions now known as Mexico, Peru, Guatemala, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Brazil, Nicaragua, the United States, Canada, and their neighboring areas. This site recognizes that there are many other areas of the world that have been ably proposed as likely destinations of the lost tribes. Indeed, certain nations in Africa, Asia, and Europe are among them. It should be noted that Lost Tribes Info stands not to refute these propositions but rather to complement them. After all, the Lord said in Isaiah 27:6, "In the days to come, Jacob will put out shoots, Israel will bud and blossom and fill the whole world with fruit."

 

Although information from more than one source appears, the contents of most of this site is composed entirely of excerpts from a multi-volume 19th century work by British scholar Lord Kingsborough, Antiquities of Mexico, (the volume and page of which are noted after each excerpt). The author spent years researching the records of Europe's first visitors to the New World, as his compilation of the logs is deep and thorough. It should be noted that the many comparisons of native people's customs, etc. to Jewish people's customs, etc., were made within the framework of Kingsborough's own perspective and from that of the highly authoritative sources whom he has quoted. Therefore the multiple similarities he and his sources have observed, may not have been exclusively to the customs, etc. of the one tribe of Israel [Judah] with which they would have been familiar. Rather the analogies they described may have unknowingly been to the collective tribes since there presumably would have been a discernable closeness in their traits. It would follow then, that the word "Isrealite" could justifiably be substituted for the word "Jewish" in the writings. Either way, however, whether the human characteristics depicted are attributed to the tribe of Judah (Jewish) or to the entire 12 tribes (Israelite), the likeness to inhabitants of the New World is unmistakable.

 

Readers of Lost Tribes Info should know this web site is intended, in part, to be an incomplete surface view of the subject. The hope is to inspire others to delve deeper and examine more closely. Feedback can be addressed to LostTribesInfo@aol.com.

 

Israelites in the New World


* The celebrated Las Casas entertained no doubt that the continent of America had in early ages been colonized by the Jews; and he goes so far as to say that the language of the Island of Saint Domingo was "corrupt Hebrew."
VI 282

 

* ... the curious fact of the comparitively rude and uncivilized tribes of the Orinoco being acquainted with the history of the formation of Eve from the rib of Adam while he slept, who also, according to the Abbe Gilii, agreed with the Mexicans in believing that light was created before the sun, which likewise was a Hebrew doctrine. VIII 172, 173 

 

* (the knowledge of the creation of light before the creation of the sun) was so opposed to the philosophical opinions of the heathen world, that the interpretter of the Codex Vaticanus does not scruple to affirm ... that the Mexicans had either derived the knowledge of it from the devil, or were a people descended from the Jews. VIII 173

 

* Sahagun's History of New Spain will convince the most skeptical that the Mexicans borrowed largely from the natural philosophy of the Jews, to whose moral code they were so much indebted...
VIII 40

 

* The Peruvians when first discovered by the Spaniards had already attained a high degree of civilization; and it would appear from a passage of Gomara's History of the Indies, that the Spaniards were struck by the resemblance of some of the tribes of Indians in that part of America to Jews. VI 271

 

* If the Mexicans were descended from the Jews, or acquainted with the books of the Old Testament it is the second proposition by which that interpretter (interpretter of the Vatican Codex) attempts to prove the first,-there would have been nothing surprising in their borrowing images from passages in the Psalms and other books of the Bible descriptive of the Deity or of his attributes .... VIII 31

 

* ... implies an acquaintance on the part of the Mexicans with the Book of Genesis; a fact already noticed by the interpreter of the Codex Vaticanus, who thence concluded that the Mexicans were descended from the Jews .... VIII 55

 

* The interpreter of the Codex Vaticanus is of the opinion that the ceremonies of the Mexicans, as well as their sacrifices, may be urged as proof of their being descended from the Jews. VI 235

 

* The assertion of Adair that all Indians, particularly the Muskohge, have a sanctum sanctorum, or most holy place, in the manner of the ancient Jews, is fully corroborated ...in an inedited letter of M. de Buisson, descriptive of a temple of the Natchez, who were a powerful Indian tribe dwelling on the banks of the Mississippi .... VIII 381 Supplement 

 

* If the Mexicans were descended from the Jews, and conscious of their origin, and that they were God's people,- a fact which, like the ancient Jews, they frequently took occasion to remind Him of ...... nothing would have been more probable than that, when suffering hardships, and in extreme difficulty, they should have expected the quick coming of the Messiah; and to that expectation might be referred ..... "Come quickly, since we expect you," which both the interpreter of the Codex Telleriano-Remensis and the interpreter of the Codex Vaticanus affirm that the Mexicans were accustomed to utter from the terraces of the houses on the festival of Hueymiccaylhuitl ... VIII 66

 

* ... the various marvels which Gomara, Torquemada, Acosta, and Herrera testify that the Mexicans believed to have occurred in the course of their pilgrimage from Aztlan,-such as heaven raining bread; water flowing at the command of their god from a dry rock; a small brook suddenly overflowing its banks, and causing the enemy to flee before them; the punishment of those 
who murmured against the will of Huitzlopochtli, and wished to remain in Tulan instead of proceeding onwards to the promised land; the frequent consultations the priests held with their god, and the answers which they received .... VI 244 

 

* Oviedo says, that the Indians of Nicaragua refrained from all work on the days dedicated to religious festivals, and the same custom existed among the Peruvians ...
... that it was very probable that the sabbath of the seventh day was known in some parts of America .... VIII 135 

 

* Garcia, in his celebrated treatise on the origin of the Indians, adduces as a partial argument in favor of the Mexicans being descended from the Jews, the similarity which many of their laws bore to those of the Pentateuch. This argument is so conclusive that it is unnecessary to insist upon its force .... VIII 115

 

* ... it may be inferred that altars of single stones were very common amonst the Jews, as they were also amongst the Mexicans .... VI 492

 

* The Peruvian tradition of men having been created by Viracocha, after the likeness of images made by himself .... VI 403

 

* Many customs of the Mexicans, strongly savouring at Judaism, besides that of circumcision, having already been noticed : such as their wearing fringes fastened to their garments, practising frequent ablutions; attending constantly public places of worship, to which they were summoned by the blowing of horns, as the Jews are to the synagogues; anointing themselves with oils; addressing each other with the appellation of Brother and Sister; their priests allowing their hair to grow long like Nazarites, though some were tonsured; their frequently doing penance, strewing dust on their heads, and blackening themselves with ashes as a sign of mortification, and eating earth (Isaiah 49:23) at the festival of Tetzcatlipoca. VI 388, 389

 

* Sahgun says in mentioning in the fourteenth chapter of his first book the festival of Xochilhuitl ... that the Mexicans ate on one of their feasts unleavened bread. VI 307 

 

* A curious parallel of the Jewish and Indian moral laws may be found in that chapter of the third book of Garcia's Origin of the Indians, which he has entitled, "Como los Indios guardaron los Preceptos del Decalogo." "How the Indians obeyed the Ten Commandments"! VI 331

 

* The words of Las Casas, "Loquela tua manifestun te facit," "Your speech betrays you," in reference to the Mexicans, or some other tribe of Indians, whom he took to be real Jews ..." VI 332

 

* Original Indian traditions record that the province of Guatamala was in early ages colonized by the Jews, who assumed the names Tultecas, and established a powerful monarchy in that district of America .... VIII 9

 

* It was customary among the Jews to summon the people to the synagogue by the sounding of horns; and to blow trumpets was a religious ceremony, which Moses declares, in the twenty-third chapter of Leviticus ... It is certainly not a little curious that, according to Torquemada, the Mexicans should have been summoned to prayers at stated hours by the blowing of horns, in the same way as the Jews ... VI 293

 

* The Mexicans believed that Tezcatlipoca was a spirit, and that when he appeared to mortals they only saw and conversed with his snake. The Jews reconciled in the same manner the passage in the Old Testament "No man hath seen God," with many other passages in Scripture in which persons are declared to have seen him. VIII 87,88

 

* ... the Peruvians, like the Jews, considered the Divine name ineffable .... VIII 140 

* Polo de Ondergando states this curious fact in ... his inedited treatise concerning the manners of the Peruvians; wherein he observes, that blasphemy, sacrilege, adultery, and homicide, were four crimes which the Peruvian laws punished with the greatest severity. 
VIII 150 

 

* ... Sahagun's History of New Spain does certainly contain many metaphors and figures of speech evidently derived from the Scriptures, and which unequivocally prove the existence, in former ages at least, of the Hebrew language in America. VIII 163

 

* ... a very curious agreement in the name which the Jews and the Mexicans applied to the poles of the earth. The Mexicans, as we are informed by Sahgun, in the third and eighth chapters of his ninth book of History of New Spain, named the north and south poles the left and right hand of earth, and the leatned Capellus, in his dissertation on the ground plan and architecture of the Temple of Jerusalem, which Bishop Walton has prefixed to the first volume of his polyglot Bible, affirms that the Jews gave the same name to the poles. VIII 256 Supplement 

 

* And Malvenda says, that the natives of St. Michael had tombstones, which the Spaniards digged up, with several ancient Hebrew characters upon them, as, "Why is God gone away?" and "He is dead, God, knows." VIII 373 Supplement 

 

* (Chronicle of the Order of Saint Augustine in Peru) ... Two other stones containing inscriptions in Hebrew and Greek letters, are stated by Colancha, on the authority of Brother Raymond Urtado to have existed in the neighborhood. VIII 25 

 

* The strongest argument, however, ... is the confession of Montezuma and his nobles, one and all to Cortes - that their ancestors had come from the same part of the globe as the Spaniards, situated towards the rising sun. VI 53

 

* The interpreter of the paintings contained in the larger Vatican M.S. ... instancing this and other traits of resemblance between the Mexicans and Jews ... adds, "From all these circumstances the fact is plain and probable, that this nation descended from the Jews ... VI 65

 

Clothing


* They (Peruvians) seem likewise to have imitated the Jews in their sacerdotal costume. VI 293 

 

* Balboa, in the eighteenth chapter of his inedited History of Peru, to which he has given the title of "Miscellanea Antartica," mentions along with the tassel, a sceptre, a mantle, and sandals as composing the regalia of the Ingas ... VI 519 

 

* It would appear from what Garcia asserts, ... that the dress of the Peruvians was more like that of the Jews than was the Mexicans, whilst the sandals of the people of New Spain were strictly in the Hebrew fashion. [We know, from the expression of John the Baptist, "There cometh one mightier than I after me, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to stoop down and unloose," the nature of the Hebrew sandals, which probably exactly resembled those worn by the Mexicans.] VI 295 

 

*In Peru ... some of the Ingas wore a crown more nearly resembling an episcopal mitre ... VI 297

Garcia says, in the last section of the second chapter of the third book of his, Origin of the Indians, "If the dress which the Indians wear is duly considered, particularly the Peruvian, it will be found very like that worn by the Jews; for they use a tunic or shift, which resembles a surplice without sleeves, and over it they wrap a mantle. They substitute sandals in the place of shoes ... VI 295

 

* Garcia ... "That this was the dress and costume of the Hebrews is evident (above excerpt)... and this kind of dress and sandals was worn by the Apostles." VI 295

 

* Garcia, in the second chapter of the third book of the, Origin of the Indians ... "Fr. Agustin Davila, Arcobispo de Santo Domingo, refiere en su Historia Dominica del Nuevo Mundo, como un pueblo llamado Tamaculpa, que es en la Misteca, se halloran unas vestiuras Sagrados de el que ellos tenian por summo sacerdote, muy semejantes a la que se ponian los pontificos maximos de la lei de Moises ..." 
"Brother Augustin Davila, the archbishop of Santo Domingo, relates in his Dominican History of the New World, that some sacerdotal vestments were discovered in a town called Tamaculapa, in Misteca, which had belonged to the person whom they considered their high priest, which nearly resembled those worn by the high priests of the Mosaic law ... VI 293 

 

* It is certainly surprising to see how nearly the Jewish costume is imitated in some of the Mexican paintings. VI 296

 

* it is, however, an undoubted fact, that the laws of the kingdom of Menchoacan, and the dress of the people of that state ... bore a strong resemblance to those of the Jews, whom they likewise resembled in making use of an ark in war. VIII 166 

 

* It is true, as a general remark, that both nations (Mexicans and Jews), in their costumes and the external decorations of their persons and buildings, nearly resembled each other ... VI 229

 

* The same custom prevailed amongst the Mexicans; on whose persons, as represented in their ancient paintings, we recognize all the ornaments mentioned in the Old Testament as worn by the Jews ... VI 229

 

* From the sixth verse of the eighth chapter of the Song of Solomon, "Set me a seal upon thine heart, as a seal upon thine arm," it appears that the Jews wore their seals fastened to their arms. And it is very singular since there was something peculiar in the Hebrew fashion, that this should have been a Mexican custom likewise; as we learn from Cortes, Torquemada, and Bernard Diaz, that it was. VI 229

 

* ... it would appear that the mantle, worn from a sense of decency by the Mexican priests round their loins, very much resembled the breeches which Moses made for Aaron and his sons. VI 298

 

* The dress and costumes of the Mexicans, and their sandals, resemble the apparel and sandals worn in the early ages in the East, especially by the Jews: and the serpent with which the Mexican priests ornamented their heads and persons, was perhaps a fashion introduced from Egypt into the New World ... VI 181

 

* ... where Joshua is described as being clothed in filthy garments, undoubtedly because the Jews, like the Mexicans, were accustomed to wear such garments as a sign of contrition for sin; and the Mosaic law required that the Jewish high priest should in his official character mourn for the sins of the people. VIII 237 

 

* Both the Mexicans and the Peruvians were accustomed to take off their sandals whenever they trod upon holy ground or entered the places of their kings. This agreement is an arbitrary custom between two Indian nations so remote from each other would seem to argue a common acquaintance on their part with the history of God's appearing to Moses in the burning bush, and commanding him to take off his shoes because the place on which he stood was holy ... VIII 217

 

* ... twenty-second chapter of Deuteronomy ... "Thou shall make thee fringes upon the quarters of thy vesture wherewith thy cover thyself."
... from the indubitable testimony of their own paintings that was precisely the part of their dress to which the Mexicans fastened fringes. VI 77


Circumcision


* With respect to circimcision, Peter Martyr and Gomara, whose veracity as historians has never been doubted both affirm that the Indians were circumcised. VI 334 

 

* ... it deserves to be remarked, that the rite of circumcision seems to have prevailed thousands of leagues along the coast of the Atlantic, amongst nations very remote from each other, and who spoke very different languages. Peter Martyr notices ... the rite of the natives of Yucatan. Oviedo says ... it was practised in Nicaragua; and Gumilla states it was common among the Indians of the Orinoco, observing that the ceremony was performed on the eigth day after the birth of the child ... from the fourth chapter of Dr. Boudinot's Star in the West, that this rite was practised amongst the North American Indians. VIII 121 

 

* Captain Cook in the narrative of his Voyage to the Pacific Ocean ... the men of Tongataboo were all circumcised, ... the rite of 'taboo matee' or 'purifying from uncleanliness' contracted by the touch of a dead body, which was strictly enjoined by Moses to the Jews in the nineteenth chapter of the Book of numbers ... VI 520, 521

 

* ... and it is singular enough that the phrase 'taboo matee' should so nearly resemble the Hebrew expression ... VI 521

 

* Captain Cook also discovered the that circumcision had extended itself to the Islands of the South Sea. How, to use the words of Gumilla, are these moral phaenomena to be explained ? VI 392

 

* The Mexican custom of circumcising their children within a few days after their birth was known to the Spanish authors (Ureta's Historic de la Etopia, sixth chapter, second book; printed at Valencia 1610). VIII 184

 

* It is certainly very extraordinary to find from the "Oronco Illustrated" of Gumilla, and Coreat's Voyages to the West Indies, that Indian nations so remote from each other as those of the Oronco and the tribes who lived on the confines of Peru on the banks the La Plata, as well, as the Chalchaques, a people situated between Peru Tucuman, all used circumcision, and strictly abstained from the flesh of the swine. VI 392 

 

* The practise of concision, for example, together with the rite of circumcision, was discovered by Palacio among the Indians of Honduras ... VIII 228

 

* ... that the practice of that rite (circumcision) was common in Nicaragua; since had it been confined simply to a few individuals, ... it could scarcely have come to the knowledge of the Spaniards, much less have been a subject of grave inquiry among them. VIII 24 Supplement 

 

* (Mackenzie's) Journal of a Voyage through the North-west Portion of the Continent of America ... "Whether circumcision be practised among them I cannot pretend to say, but the appearance of it was general among those whom I saw." VIII 121

 

* It would be an extremely difficult thing to determine how appearance, in the present case, could have differed from reality; and we shall only observe, that the idea of the Jews having colonized America appears never to have crossed the imagination of Mackenzie (see previous excerpt), he could have no motive for noticing this curious fact ... VIII 121 

 

* It will be remarked that Gumilla says the Salivas circumcised their children on the eigth day after their birth; and by the covenant which God made with abraham, the Jews circumcised their children on the same day ... VI 272

 

* Gumilla asserts ... that the Salivas and other Indian tribes of the Oronoco were circumcised, and held the flesh of swine in extreme abhorrence; from which he infers that those tribes were descended from the Jews. It may be interesting to know that so learned a writer as the Abate Gilii, whose work, dedicated to Pope Pius VI, received express approbation of the Spanish monarch Charles III, although differs in opinion from Gumilla respecting the Hebrew orogin of those tribes, still bears honourable testimony to the merits of that historian, and corroborates the truth of his relation in some of its most important particulars ... VIII 37

 

* From the accounts of travelers it would seem almost doubtful whether circumcision was not a custom of the Hottentots, who according to Anquetil, were forbidden by their traditions porkfish without scales, hares and rabbits; ... and it is very deserving of notice, that Edwards says nearly the same thing, in the second chapter of his History of the West Indies, of the Caribs ... VIII 121, 122

 

* ... For we read in Captain Cook's Voyages of the rite of tabooing, or consecrating and putting apart, or making unclean for a definite period of time, both animate and inanimate things; and also that the natives of some of those islands, which are probably peopled from America, practised circimcision. VI 256

 
 

Aztecs


* The Tultecas were most probably Jews who had colonized America in very early ages, bringing along with them the knowledge of of various mechanical arts, and instructing the Indians in them; but especially propagating amongst them their own religious doctrines, rites, ceremonies, and superstitions, which seem to have pervaded the New World from one end of that vast continent to the other; and to have extended to some of the islands in the Pacific Ocean ... VI 255,256

 

* Azcatlxochitl a Tultec princess ... seems to be a snycope for Aztecatlxochitl, a name which would signify The Rose Of the Aztecs ... it would afford grounds for supposing that the Tultecas were also called Aztecas, and that they proceeded from Aztlan ... VI 256 

 

* The reason for supposing that the domination of the Tultecas had rather merged in that of the Chichimecas ... is the estimation in which they were held long after their empire had passed away; and the pride which the chichimecan sovereigns felt in being descended from them ... VI 256

 

* ... how to account for an extreme similarity which their history, their laws, their rites, ceremonies, and superstitions present to those of the Jews,- would be found in the fact that the Tultecas were Jews who had colonized America ... from whom likewise many of the Indian tribes might with much probability have a borrowed a portion of their early history, especially the account of their pretended migration. VI 256

 

* ... or in the term Huehhetlapallan, or the old red country, having been applied to it in opposition or contradistinction to the new red country, a name which the Jews would have been likely to have given to the monarchy which they established in the New World, from the striking peculiarity of the red complexion of the Indians, distinguishing them in the manner from all other inhabitants of the globe. VIII 196

 

* The fact of the Mexicans being themselves quite ignorant of the real situation of a country which their national traditions identified with the Holy Land, even much more than the various names strictly applicable to the Holy Land which they bestowed upon it, affords strong presumptive evidence that the country of Aztlan was the land of Canaan, and the city of Tula Jerusalem. VIII 196

 

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